<strong>By The Associated Press undefined<\/strong>\n<strong>UNITED NATIONS \u2014<\/strong> The United Nations chief says the coronavirus pandemic has led to the largest disruption of education in history, with schools closed in more than 160 countries in mid-July affecting more than 1 billion students.\nIn addition, Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said Tuesday that at least 40 million children worldwide have missed out on education "in their critical pre-school year."\nAs a result, he warned that the world faces "a generational catastrophe that could waste untold human potential, undermine decades of progress, and exacerbate entrenched inequalities."\n"We are at a defining moment for the world's children and young people," Guterres said in a video message and a 26-page policy briefing. "The decisions that governments and partners take now will have lasting impact on hundreds of millions of young people, and on the development prospects of countries for decades to come."\nGuterres called for the reopening of schools once the local transmission of the virus is under control.\n___\nPhilippine capital back under lockdown as virus cases surge\nProgress slow on U.S. virus relief bill as negotiations continue\nTrump nursing home plan limits supply of free COVID-19 tests\nWave of evictions expected in U.S. as moratoriums end in many states\n___\nHERE'S WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT THE VIRUS OUTBREAK:\n\u2014\n\u2014 Follow AP's pandemic coverage at http:\/\/apnews.com\/VirusOutbreak and https:\/\/apnews.com\/UnderstandingtheOutbreak\n___\nHERE'S WHAT ELSE IS HAPPENING:\nNEW DELHI \u2014 India's daily confirmed coronavirus infections have topped 50,000 for a seventh straight day.\nTuesday's spike of 52,050 new positive cases recorded in the past 24 hours took the national total to 1,855,745, according to the Health Ministry database.\nThe ministry also reported 803 new deaths, taking total fatalities up to 38,938.\nSeveral political leaders have either tested positive for the coronavirus or gone into quarantine over the last few days.\nSince Sunday, India's powerful home minister Amit Shah and the chiefs of two big states have been hospitalized with COVID-19. On Monday, Tripura state's chief minister and India's law and justice minister also went into isolation.\n___\nHANOI, Vietnam -- Vietnam has reported another virus death and 10 new infections.\nThe Health Ministry said a 62-year-old woman with kidney disease died Tuesday. The woman tested positive for the virus while having treatment at Da Nang hospital, one of three hospitals where a majority of new cases have been found recently.\nAccording to the ministry, another 10 people from Da Nang and Quang Nam province have been tested positive with the virus. All of them are traced back to the hospital clusters.\nDa Nang has mobilized the army to disinfect hot spots in the city. An army laboratory truck has also been deployed to increase the testing capacity.\n___\nSEOUL, South Korea \u2014 South Korea has recorded 34 additional cases of the coronavirus over the past 24 hours, as the number of its locally infected patients bounced back above 10.\nThe additional figures announced Tuesday brought the national tally to 14,423 with 301 deaths.\nThe Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says that 13 of the newly reported cases are domestically transmitted patients while the rest 21 came from overseas.\n___\nBEIJING \u2014 Both mainland China and Hong Kong reported fewer new cases of COVID-19 on Tuesday as strict measures to contain new infections appear to be taking effect.\nMainland China announced 36 new cases across the country, down from 43 the previous day. Of those, 28 were in the northwestern region of Xinjiang and two in Liaoning province in the northeast.\nAnother six cases were brought by Chinese arriving from overseas. No new deaths were registered , leaving China's total at 4,634 among 84,634 cases reported since the virus was first detected in the central Chinese city of Wuhan late last year.\nHong Kong reported 78 new cases over the previous 24 hours, the first time in almost two weeks that new cases had fallen into double-digits.\nAuthorities in the semi-autonomous southern Chinese city ordered mask wearing in public places, restrictions on indoor dining and increased testing to contain the outbreak.\nChina's central government also sent a medical team to assist in efforts and an exhibition center has been converted into a temporary hospital in the event beds run short. Deaths from the disease in Hong Kong have risen to 38 among 3,589 total cases.\n\u2014-\nMELBOURNE, Australia\u2014 Australia's hard-hit Victoria state has banned people who should be self-isolating from exercising outside their homes and introduced tougher fines for people with COVID-19 who continue to go to work.\nVictorian Premier Daniel Andrews said that military and health teams would repeatedly and randomly door-knock homes to ensure people who should be self-isolating were at home.\nTeams had door-knocked more than 3,000 homes and could not find more than 800 people who should have been home because they were awaiting a test result or had tested positive for the coronavirus.\nAndrews said the government was removing the lawful excuse that someone who should be self-isolating had gone out to exercise.\n"It's difficult to enforce this if people have a lawful excuse and if some people are going to use that to try and justify other decisions -- they were at no point getting exercise," Andrews said.\nThe government has also increased the fine for failing to self-isolate.\nVictoria reported 439 new cases overnight and 11 new deaths.